Student Accommodation AMN/SHAU Indonesia
Text description provided by the architects. AMN Student Housing is a government pilot project in Surabaya, Indonesia that provides housing, training and vocational education to university and polytechnic students from multiple ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Indonesia has over 1340 ethnic groups spread across all the islands. Selected students are invited and brought together from all provinces and remote areas to experience a pluralistic life: to mingle and socialize beyond their own ethnic group. As part of the program, the operator offers, among other activities during their stay, language training, art and music lessons, a nutrition program in the dining room and refresher workshops. SHAU was commissioned by the Ministry of Works and Housing, which facilitated the planning and construction. The detailed technical drawing is provided by PT Tisaga Konsultan.
The Jl. Jemur Andayani site is conveniently located between the old town of Surabaya and Juanda International Airport, close to more than twenty universities in the city. The 1 hectare land borders the Surabaya Aviation Polytechnic School, government offices and 5-storey housing.
SHAU approached the design by dividing the accommodation into four terraced volumes with green roofs, raising them on stilts to provide an open ground floor as in traditional houses while allowing most facilities to be also accessible. Adapting to the orientation of the sun, the facades facing East and West are designed with limited openings to limit overheating. Shutters are installed to filter the sunlight. Optimizing maintenance comfort, vegetated strips on the facade are equipped with automated watering from collected rainwater. Each terraced volume has a void on each floor to allow natural light and air circulation throughout the building, making the design more energy efficient.
The accommodation is divided into male and female sections on the upper residential floors, but connected on the ground floor. Learning and recreation facilities include indoor and semi-outdoor study areas, a large auditorium for lectures, musical and cultural performances, sports ground, language center, library, boardrooms and religious facilities, including a musholla and other multi-religious space that can be used by any religion or for meditation, and an open plaza for ceremonial purposes. A hall and a living room with courtyard on the ground floor are accessible from the entrance, next to the dining room.
In total, there are 180 rooms, and each can accommodate up to 3 students. There are wheelchair accessible units on the ground floor. Mentoring units are located on the upper floors. The landscaping includes productive gardens where students can occupy themselves as part of the program, as well as a participatory art corner consisting of graffiti walls and a sculpture garden where students can display their artistic expression . The overall experience is designed to be a student-friendly vacation spot where they can rest and feel at home. Wherever possible, seating arrangements for studying, meeting and gathering follow the Indonesian concept of lesehan: sitting on the ground or on raised platforms.